(2011) This is a semantic form study of three control elements/knobs that convey the functions push, pull, and turn. The elements are formally integrated with the baseboard, while visually separated by the contrasting bezel.

(2011) This form study seeks to communicate and evoke different emotions through subtractive manipulation of a fixed volume. The placement of indicator lights reinforce each form's individual message.

(2012) This form indicates three keywords: aggression, speed, and intensity. Radiating lines, and facets draw the eye to a point. The form had to fit within a 12-inch cube, and be painted a neutral color.